Erwin Blumenfeld (1897 – 1969) was a famous American photographer of German origin. He took more covers for Vogue than any photographer before or since and his art photography was for a long time overshadowed by his commercial work.
In the 1930s, he published collages mocking Adolf Hitler. In 1936, he emigrated to Paris. With the German occupation, he was interned in a concentration camp in 1940 because he was Jewish. In 1941, he could escape to the United States.
In the 1940s and 1950s he became famous for his fashion photography, working for Vogue and Harper’s Bazaar, and also for artistic nude photography. In the 1960s, he worked on his autobiography which found no publisher because it was considered to be too ironic towards society, and was published only after his death.
Source: Wonderful Wiki